In 1917 Electrical engineer Gideon Sundback invented the zipper. He was born on 24 April 1880. When he finished his studies in Sweden, he moved to Germany and studied at the polytechnic school in Bingen am Rhein where he took his engineer exam. In 1905 Gideon Sundback emigrated to the United States.
Gideon Sundback worked on the development of the zipper between 1906 and 1914. He finally solved a pulling-apart problem with his invention of the first version of the “Hookless Fastener No. 1”. His invention had two facing rows of teeth that pulled into a single piece by the slider, and increased the opening for the teeth guided by the slider. In 1914 Gideon Sundback developed a version based on interlocking teeth, the “Hookless No. 2”, which was the modern metal zipper as we know it.
The name zipper was created in 1923 by B.F. Goodrich. During that time, boots and tobacco pouches were the primary use for zippers. At the time of World War II the zipper was accepted for fashion on the flies of trousers and the plackets of skirts and dresses. Gideon Sundback also invented the manufacturing machine for the zipper.