Patent & PCT National Phase Applications
Egypt patents require a fully detailed description of the invention or utility model in Arabic. The application should use the correct technical terms, including a statement on prior art and shortcomings therein, the novel element in the invention or utility model and the best way known by the inventor, to enable a person of expertise to execute it. The application should indicate any chemical equations, formulas or illustrative drawings. Egypt patents have a duration of 20 years from date of filing and methods of medical diagnosis, treatment or surgery are not patentable. Egypt is a member of the Paris Convention and PCT, but currently does not make provision for filing PCT applications, therefore does not set out the filing requirements for such applications.
Smit & Van Wyk is an Intellectual Property law firm in Africa which specialise in Egypt patents, PCT applications and industrial designs. We work with a network of trusted and knowledgeable agents to develop the best possible solution to each of our clients’ Intellectual Property needs in Africa. Our dedicated team of patent attorneys provide a wide range of patent-related services across multiple industries and fields of technologies, including:
- Preparing and prosecuting patent and PCT applications.
- Advising on the patentability of inventions.
- Helping clients license, franchise or assign their rights.
- Conducting patent searches.
- Handling the payment of maintenance fees.
- Recording amendments to a patent.
- Translating patent specifications into local languages.
PCT National Phase Applications
Egypt is a member of the Patent Cooperation Treaty. The PCT National Phase entries provide a unified procedure for filing patent applications to protect intellectual property in each of its contracting states. A patent application filed under the PCT is called an international application, or PCT application. A single filing of an international application is made with a Receiving Office (RO) in one language. It then results in a search performed by an International Searching Authority (ISA), accompanied by a written opinion regarding the patentability of the invention, which is the subject of the application. The PCT National Phase entry essentially leads to a standard national or regional patent application, which may be granted or rejected according to applicable law, in each jurisdiction in which a patent is desired.
Egypt is a member of the Paris Convention where each contracting state must grant the same IP protection to nationals of other contracting states, and provides for the right of priority in the case of patents, trade marks and designs. The Paris Convention is an international agreement which helps creators ensure that their intellectual property is protected in other countries. It applies to IP in the widest sense as it covers patents, trade marks and industrial designs to name a few.
Egypt designs have an initial term of 10 years from date of filing, with possible extension of a term of 5 years. Industrial designs are filed under the Hague Agreement which governs the international registration of industrial designs and allows protection in multiple countries or regions with minimal formalities.